Pastoralism largely relies on availability of pastures and water. In the Karamoja region, characterized by excessive dire drought conditions and unreliable rainfall, these are less likely to predominantly support a sedentary form of life. This makes Pastoralists in Karamoja move in search of pasture and water.
Pastoralism contributes a large portion of traditional household foods in the Karamoja region from meat to milk and blood. Pastoralism supports socio-cultural lifestyles of Ngikarimojong. Cattle are used for marriage, making friendship, sacrifice, ploughing, hides and skins, horns and mainly identification with bulls in kraals.
In Karamoja, a bull is identified for men and represents a kraal and prestige of a certain clan. In that particular kraal/village, women identify more with cows for milk. These directly feed their families.
Mobility is key for pastoralists to survive and feed their families. Cattle herds are kept close to homesteads during the wet season and down of rains. Herds move extremely longer distances during the wet season or at times migrate for the short term. Some cows with milk are left behind to take care of dietary demands back home.
The land is, therefore, an important factor for pastoralism to survive and feed Karimojong families. Accessibility to land that enhances mobility is vital for pastoralism.